Maps of Pavaia
Languages of Papua New Guinea (Dahl)Map Creator: Östen Dahl & Ghazaleh Vafaeian
Data Source: Various web sources including:
Papuan New Guinea Collection of Data Sources
Contact: Östen Dahl & Ghazaleh Vafaeian, Stockholm University
Department of Linguistics
S-106 91 Stockholm
Date Digitized: Sept-2011
This map intends to show the distribution of the indigenous languages of the eastern part of the island of New Guinea, that is, the part that belongs to the Independent State of Papua New Guinea (It thus excludes, for the time being, the Indonesian part of the island and the smaller islands included in Papua New Guinea.) Papua New Guinea is the country in the world that is home to the largest number of living languages, estimated at 830, or 12 per cent of all languages in the world. Of these, 700 are spoken on the main island. Although the geographical area covered is only about 400,000 sq. kms, this makes up roughly 10 per cent of the languages of the world. The map contains full or partial information about approximately 550 of these, or almost 8 per cent of the world's languages.
South Pacific: Papua New Guinea
Tryon, Darrell. 2007. New Britain and New Ireland, South-Eastern Papua New Guinea, Southern Papua New Guinea, Northern Papua New Guinea, Irian Jaya. Atlas of the World's Languages, eds R. E. Asher and Christopher Moseley, 136-143. Oxford: Routledge.
"Austronesian: Composite". The LINGUIST List MultiTree Language Relationship Database
Date Digitized: March 2012
This map depicts the indigenous languages spoken in Papua New Guinea. The island of Papua New Guinea is split into two countries: Papua New Guinea (eastern) and Indonesia (western). This is a political division, and several Papuan languages are spoken in both areas, which is why a portion of Indonesia is included on this map.
The largest language family in Papua New Guinea is the Trans-New Guinea language family, represented in red on this map. The next largest are Sepik-Ramu represented as green, and primarily in the north-eastern portion of the country; and the Oceanic subgroup of languages represented in aqua and spoken on the islands and along the coastal areas. Ethnologue states there are currently 841 languages actively spoken in Papua New Guinea, and approximate 11 languages that have died. Amongst these, the Austronesian languages are the most widely spoken.
This original map was made by vectorizing data from the MultiTree language database and the Atlas of the World's Languages.
Other LLMAP resources related to this project:
South Pacific: Solomon Islands & Bougainville
South Pacific: The Philippines
South Pacific: Borneo
South Pacific: Malaysia
South Pacific: Vanuatu & New Caledonia
South Pacific: Indonesia (Archipelago)
Note: Scanned or downloaded images have been geo-registered for compatibility with our project interface. Slight imperfections are an inevitable result of the registration process.